Although reports from the Ministry of Health of Bucaramanga reveal increases in the number of respiratory diseases in the city, the authorities give a part of tranquility before a possible outbreak of the AH1N1 virus.
The changing weather conditions of recent months, say in the SSAB, Bucaramanga Health Secretariat, could be one of the main causes for ARI, Acute Respiratory Infections, have increased.
“It is important to take into account for the figures of the IRA a particularity in Bucaramanga and that is that we report data from all the IPS, Healthcare Institutions, by people who are treated in the city, which does not imply that all reside here, because the University Hospital of Santander serves population from other regions and cities, “said Rafael Esquiaqui, an epidemiologist at the SSAB.
IRA report in figures
The report delivered by the SSAB reveals that 90,720 cases of IRA occurred in 2016 and for 2017 a total of 115,698 reports, from which it can be deduced that the increase between these years was 27.5%.
When doing the evaluation between 2017 and 2018, it is revealed that until the Week 14 of this year (beginning of April), 28,660 people have been affected, and that for the same period in 2017 there were 24,650 cases, which indicates that in 2018 there are an increase of 16.2%.
“The highest peak of these affectations occurred in week 9 (late February and early March), where 3,209 cases were treated,” said epidemiologist Esquiaqui.
Background of AH1N1
Health authorities explain to the public that there are no alerts in Santander or Bucaramanga regarding the influenza virus AH1N1, specifying that between the last 7 or 8 years there have been no reported cases of these in the capital of Santander.
“We have between 2009 and 2010 reported 38 cases of this influenza, of which 37 were in 2009 and only 1 in 2010. Since that date until now there have been no more positive cases related,” explained the specialist of the SSAB.
Data in Colombia
The INS, National Institute of Health, through the Sivigila, Public Health Surveillance System, reports until the epidemiological week 12 of 2018 (March 25 to 31 of 2018) for the IRA 209 cases, with a decrease of 47.5% due to a change in the measurement made at the beginning of 2018.
And for the same period in relation to the AH1N1 virus, it records that in the country 50 positive cases have been identified, reported by eleven territorial entities, of which the largest number of affectations corresponds to epidemiological weeks 5 and 6 of 2018
Similarly, it is shown that when comparing this number of cases (50) is equal to those corresponding to the historical average between 2013 and 2017 (50 cases), therefore they deduce that there are no increases in the identification of positive cases for AH1N1 in the country.